In Islam, children who have not reached puberty are not required to fast. However, as parent or guardian, we are encouraged to guide them in fasting. This is like practice for them and will let them know the acts of fasting at an early age.
Ramazan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, which was first penned in about 600 A.D. The Islamic calendar is lunar, not solar. Ramazan begins on a different date each year i.e. whenever the first sliver of the crescent moon, in the ninth month, appears.
For kids, the most unusual thing about Ramazan is the fasting. From the first light of dawn, until the sun goes down, Muslims don’t eat or drink anything. For kids, the concept of no food can be hard to swallow! But not eating anything gives Muslims time to focus on other things.
However the eating Iftaar with families after listening Azaan also excite the kids. They also wait for the meal in Iftar and love to eat that like the people fasting. By the practicing of eating Sehri and Iftar with families’ kids get awareness about benefits of family togetherness.
Besides this, during Ramazan, people spend more time with family. They pledge not to tell any lies, not to gossip, and not to be greedy. Those too sick or too old to fast are asked to feed one needy person each day of the month. And everyone who observes fast is asked to do as many good deeds as they possibly can do it.
Be kind to others, Give more and more charity to poors, be careful about your Prayers and try your best in doing more Ibadaat. Nevertheless every day is a good day to teach your kids the importance of helping others. This is a key principle of Ramazan.
You can try various methods to encourage your children to learn about Ramadan and fasting.Here are some ways you could try on your children.
*You can encourage young children to fast every fews days and as they grow, encourage them to fast more. Wake them up for the suhoor. For young children, when they have gone through fasting for a few days or so, praise them in front of friends and relatives for their achievement. This gives them a sense of acknowledgement, and they will feel that they are grown up to be able to perform the obligation towards Allah Most High.
*Bring the whole family to the mosque for the Maghrib prayers and break the fast with the Muslim community. Feeling the beauty of fasting where all Muslims rich and poor unite to worship one God, Allah Most High, they will feel encouraged to fast with other fellow Muslims.
*You should let your children to eat with you during Maghrib even though they do not fast. Let them know that you are breaking the fast and teach them the supplication of breaking the fast. You may bring your children to the mosque for the Taraweeh prayer. This will give them the opportunity to learn and get used to it from an early age. If they feel tired, let them sit at the back of the room.
*Teach them the importance of charity in the month of Ramadan. You should tell them that Allah Most High increases the reward of those who gives charity in Ramadan. If they behave wrongly, remind them that they are fasting. Allah Most High may alter the reward of those who behave wrongly during the fasting month.
*Finally, on the Eid day, dress the children in the best clothes and take them with you to Eid prayer. Teach them that the Eid is the special feast for Muslims around the world.