China’s maritime challenges: India seeks to become active partner of US








Prime Minister Narendra Modi declared Wednesday that India and the United States should work together more closely to defeat terrorism and head off regional instability.

While the Indian leader did not mention Pakistan by name, Modi urged US lawmakers to help isolate those who support terrorism that is “incubated in India’s neighbourhood.”

And, while he did not address China’s purportedly maritime territorial ambitions, Modi said a US-India partnership would “help ensure security of the sea lanes of commerce and freedom of navigation.”

Modi made the remarks in an address to a joint session of the US Congress during a visit to Washington designed to build on improved ties between the world’s two largest democracies.

Once effectively banned from the United States because of his alleged role in anti-Muslim riots before coming to national office, Modi has built a rapport with US President Barack Obama.

Now, with Obama’s final term coming to an end in seven months, the two partners are keen to secure support for India’s civil nuclear program and build an enduring great power partnership.

Modi said Indian independence leader Mahatma Gandhi had inspired US civil rights hero Martin Luther King and that both countries had been inspired by their “struggle for freedom.”

“No wonder then, that former Prime Minister of India Atal Bihari Vajpayee called India and the US ‘natural allies’,” he told the US lawmakers.

“No wonder then, that President Obama has called our ties the defining partnership of the 21st century,” he added.

India has a tradition of shunning formal alliances and relations with the United States were strained in the past by Cold War tensions.

Modi was also still careful to paint the relationship as one of equals, stressing that Obama supports Delhi’s bid to become a permanent member of the UN Security Council.

But he was keen to play up for his Washington audience the more than $10 billion India has spent on US weaponry in the past five years and its role in securing regional stability.

“A strong India-US partnership can anchor peace, prosperity and stability from Asia to Africa and from Indian Ocean to the Pacific,” he declared.

While not formally adopting the role of a US military ally, India has helped international rescue foreign nationals from war-torn Yemen and in anti-piracy operations off Somalia.

Modi also suggested that Delhi would be a positive influence as Washington seeks to defuse a confrontation with China over its territorial claims in the South China Sea.

But he also pointedly urged his new US friends to see India’s long stand-off with neighbouring Pakistan through the prism of what he called Islamabad’s history of support for Islamist extremism. –AFP