WEB DESK: The blessed month of Muharram is here; the first month of the Hijri calendar. The month of Muharram is of great religious significance to Muslims world over.
Historically Muharram marks the martyrdom of the Prophet Muhammad’s (P.B.U.H) grandson Imam Hussain (R.A.). Indeed it was perhaps the saddest day in Islamic history, when those who the Prophet (P.B.U.H) loved most in his life, were left without food and water for days at a stretch.
On 61 A.H. a battle was fought at Karbala between a small group of supporter and relatives of Imam Hussain (R.A.) and much bigger army of the Ummayads led by Yazid.
Imam Hussain (R.A.) and all his supporters were martyred, including Hussain’s six-month-old infant son, Ali al-Asghar ibn Hussain, with the women and children taken as prisoners. The dead are regarded as martyrs by both Sunni and Shia Muslims.
Practices during the Muharram:
Shia Muslims mark the martyrdom of Imam Hussain (R.A.) through Majalis held on a daily period. They adorn black clothes and re-enact the incident of Karbala– and cry for the Prophet’s family who brutally massacred that day.
Fasting on Ashura:
There is a great significance of fasting in the month of Muharram, especially on the day of Ashura. Although the fasts of the month of Muharram are not obligatory.
When the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) came to Madina, he fasted on the day of ‘Ashura’ and directed the people to fast.
The Messenger of Allah Prophet (P.B.U.H) said, “The best of fasting after Ramadan is fasting Allah’s month of Muharram.” [Muslim]
Many scholars are of the view that the following events also happened in Muharram:
- Adam (A.S) was forgiven for eating the forbidden fruit in heaven
- Noah (A.S.) and his companions in the ark found dry land
- Allah extinguished the fire in which Ibrahim (A.S) was thrown by Nimrod
- Allah spoke directly to Musa (A.S)
- Ayub (A.S.) was restored to health
- Younus (A.S.) was taken out from the belly of a fish