JUBA: – A year of civil war in South Sudan has devastated the world’s youngest nation.
Here are figures showing the impact of the fighting since war broke out on December 15, 2013, based on UN, aid agency and diplomatic assessments.
TENS OF THOUSANDS DEAD: The International Crisis Group estimate at least 50,000 people have been killed, while some diplomats suggest it could be double that. However, no official death toll has been kept, either by the government, rebels or the United Nations. Hunger and disease have killed thousands more.
HALF THE POPULATION IN NEED: Fighting has made two million homeless, while over six million people are in need of aid.
MILLIONS SPENT ON PEACE TALKS: Over $20 million was spent on the first six months of peace talks in luxury hotels in Ethiopia, while diplomatic sources suggest the bill now could reach twice that.
FIVE FAILED DEALS: President Salva Kiir and rebel chief Riek Machar have agreed a string of deals and ceasefires, but all collapsed within days.
$1.8 BILLION is needed by the United Nations next year.
OVER $38 MILLION SPENT ON ARMS: Experts have confirmed huge shipments including anti-tank missiles, grenade launchers and assault rifles.
AID WORKERS KILLED: Over a dozen aid workers have been killed, and two UN workers have been missing since gunmen abducted them in October. Fighters have shot down a UN helicopter and massacred peacekeepers.
12,000 CHILD SOLDIERS: Armies of children have been forcibly recruited, while 400,000 have been forced to quit school, with classrooms used as barracks for soldiers.
MORE THAN HALF A MILLION REFUGEES: Over 610,000 South Sudanese are refugees in neighbouring nations, some 480,000 having fled in the past year. Ethiopia hosts the majority, followed by Uganda, Sudan and Kenya.
100,000 civilians are sheltering in UN peacekeeper camps.
THREE LEADERS SANCTIONED by the EU and US for alleged atrocities: rebel chief Peter Gadet, and army commanders Santino Deng and Marial Chanuong.
THOUSANDS OF TONNES OF AID AIR-LIFTED: Food has been flown in or dropped by air, the most expensive form of delivery, but needed in vast remote regions without roads. The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) began its first air drops since 1997 in Afghanistan.