PESHAWAR: Provincial Commission on the Status of Women (PSCW) has recommended for development of gender sensitive `Best Practices’ model for Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and inclusion of women in all peace, reconciliation and rehabilitation activities.
This recommendation was made in a study report prepared after four months survey by PSCW during its efforts to probe into effects of emergencies on women resulting from displacement.
On completion of the research exercise, the Commission organized a consultative session on Tuesday to present findings of the study to key stakeholders including representatives of Social Welfare department KP, NGOs including Aurat Foundation, SPARC and others.
Provincial Secretary Social Welfare department, Hidayatullah Jan and Chairperson PSCW, Neelum Toru were also present on the occasion.
The study recommended for revising `Return Policy Framework for FATA’ with the objective of making return process more easier for IDPs by providing them facilities including monetary benefit.
The report recommended that a rehabilitation and reconstruction policy for KP and FATA be devised based on consultation with all the stakeholders including IDPs directly affected by the displacement.
The commission also stressed the need for an assessment of families residing since long in camps and unwilling to return due to multiple reasons.
Earlier in the presentation of the research finding, Ume Kulsoom of PSCW informed the participants of the consultative session that 45 percent of the inmates of different camps told them that they are living in the camps from the last six months.
According to data collected, 89 percent of women IDPs and 81 percent of men have shared that they were unable to meet financial requirements of their families and are totally dependent on aid, she added.
Simiarly, 15 percent of IDP women in camps reported that they face verbal abuse from their husband after the displacement. Whereas none of them registered such behavior before displacement.
In camps 86 percent women and 78 percent from host communities shared that they are not allowed to visit a doctor for cure and medical checkup due to restrictions or poverty.
Similarly. 16 percent women from camps reported miscarriage during displacement and 17 percent faced complications due to exertion of excessive traveling.
“75 percent women in camps had disturbed sleep or they were unable to sleep at night”, Ume Kalsoom informed.
The study also recommended for appointment of gender specialists in field locations to ensure that the rights of women and girls are protected and that gender based abuses and human rights violations are monitored and reported on regular basis.
The study also recommended to strengthen early warning system by developing indigenous strategies and engaging communities for devising effective communication system.
The participants of consultative session also presented some suggestions for improving the condition of IDPs, especially women.
Speaking on the occasion, Chairperson PSCW, Neelum Toru said Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has remained subjected to a number of natural and man made emergencies during the last decade.
This is well known that women and children are worst affected in emergencies for being totally dependent on male members of the family.
There is no evidence and organized source of information available on the nature and scale of implications of such disasters and the coping mechanisms to address these, she added.
The Provincial Commission on the Status of Women, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa considered it important to probe into effects of emergencies on women resulting from displacement and for this purpose the study titled “Women in Emergencies” was conducted.
The purpose of conducting the study is also to forward recommendations emanating from the exercise to the Provincial Government for appropriate measures and further administrative reforms and legislation as and if required, she concluded.