UNITED NATIONS: At the United Nations Security Council today Pakistan urged the Council to make full use of the preventive diplomacy tools at its disposal under Chapter VI “especially mediation, arbitration, inquiry, judicial settlement, involvement of regional organizations, the Secretary General’s good offices” to defuse tensions and to resolve conflicts that were simmering just below the surface but threaten to explode.
Ambassador Masood Khan, Pakistan’s Permanent Representative to UN, while participating at the open debate on Conflict Prevention in the Security Council said that in the recent past, there has been a growing tendency in the Council to pass resolutions under Chapter VII.
“The Council feels that its action is not potent enough if it has not done so. Some situations do require immediate action under Chapter VII”, he added.
The Pakistani envoy highlighted that the Security Council’s efforts to prevent conflicts would lack credibility if its resolutions were implemented selectively.
“This Council’s resolutions on longstanding issues await attention and implementation, while it takes on new issues. The Council should uphold the international rule of law”, he added.
Ambassador Khan emphasized that prevention of conflict should never become a pretext for interventionism and that preventive diplomacy does not mean preventive deployment or peace enforcement.
He added that conflicts should not be brought to the Council’s table only after they have already erupted.
Pakistani envoy said that the Council should avoid activism in situations where parties were in a position to handle and resolve their differences or where regional mechanisms could play a more effective role. He stressed that the Council should not inadvertently become an instrument for igniting or fuelling crises.
Ambassador Khan said that after hostilities have already broken out, such as in Gaza, the Council’s responsibility increases manifold to intercede and intervene to stop further deterioration. “Passivity or hands off approach in the face of a raging crisis should not be an option”, he added.
He said that the Council was not omnipotent and that many decisions impinging on peace and security and especially those involving major powers were taken outside the Council. “It is therefore important for these powers to use the full cycle of early warning, conflict prevention and crisis management to avoid descent into a new Cold War or exacerbation of tensions”, he added.
Ambassador Khan emphasized the need for a timely agreement between major powers to avert escalation of conflict. He referred to Syria and Ukraine where an agreement on solution could have prevented the upsurge.