UNITED NATIONS: The United Nations General Assembly opened its annual session Tuesday afternoon with its gaze firmly fixed on the decades ahead as its new President outlined the need to lay the groundwork for global sustainable development in the years following the end of the current development cycle in 2015.
“The upcoming year will be pivotal for this Assembly as we seek to identify the parameters of the post-2015 development agenda”, 68th General Assembly President John Ashe said in his opening address to the 193-Member State body, where 130 Heads of State/government, including Pakistan’s Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, will take to the podium next week in the annual general debate.
The magnitude of the task before us will require decisive action and the highest levels of collaboration and we must prove ourselves and our efforts to be equal to the enormity of the task.”
The Assembly will deal with a record 175-item agenda that includes the Syrian crisis.
The year 2015 is the deadline for achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the eight anti-poverty targets agreed by world leaders at
a UN summit in 2000, setting specific goals on poverty alleviation, education, gender equality, child and maternal health, environmental stability, HIV/AIDS reduction, and a global partnership for development.
To this end Ashe, a national of Antigua and Barbuda, has declared ‘The Post 2015 Development Agenda: Setting the Stage’ the theme for the 68th General Assembly, a theme underscored by Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.
“We will intensify our efforts to define a post-2015 development agenda, including with a single set of goals for sustainable development that we hope will address the complex challenges of this new era and capture the imagination of the people of the world, as the MDGs did”, the secretary-general told the 193-member body, adding that attention would also be focused on speeding achievement of the MDG in the 1,000 days to the deadline.
He said he also intended to convene a high-level meeting on climate change, with the exact date to be decided in close consultation with the President of the General Assembly and the General Committee.
In pursuit of a far-sighted post-2015 development agenda, Mr. Ashe said he planned to convene three high-level events and three thematic debates, ranging from role of women, youth and civil society and the contributions of human rights and the rule of law to innovative South-South partnerships and collaboration among developing nations.
“We simply cannot reach our development goals, or advance human well-being without addressing the needs and challenges of women and youth, while also making use of the contributions of the both”, Mr. Ashe said of the first event.
One of the thematic debates will focus on the roles of water, sanitation and sustainable energy in the post-2015 development agenda.
With some 1.4 billion people without reliable electricity; 900 million lacking access to clean water and 2.6 billion without adequate sanitation, action is urgently needed to address these persistent challenges, he stressed.
“With so many initiatives in these three fields, let us try and draw upon and share the existing knowledge, while scaling up initiatives that have already worked in the areas of integrated water management, sustainable energy and sanitation services for the proposed post-2015 development agenda”.
Other items in the Assembly’s docket for the coming year include migration, nuclear disarmament, the MDGs and disabilities as well as a High-Level thematic debate, mandated by the Assembly, on investment in Africa and its role in achieving development objectives.
Ban said the crisis in Syria, where over 100,000 people have been killed, more than 2 million have fled to neighbouring countries and a further 4 million have been internally displaced in two and a half years of fighting between the Government and opposition groups seeking to oust President Bashar Al-Assad, is likely to figure prominently in the speeches and meetings during the General Debate next week.
“Syria is without doubt the biggest crisis facing the international community”, he stressed. The Assembly has a role and a voice in our efforts to resolve it and respond to the suffering.