ISLAMABAD: Since the creation of Pakistan, 14 army chiefs headed the all powerful institution and only three completed their tenure of service.
According to data collected by this agency, of the 14 army chiefs only four were appointed on the basis of seniority. Seven army chiefs got extension in service either through occupying power by removing the civilian governments or through other means.
President Ayub Khan after becoming Field Marshal remained army chief from January 1951 to October, 1958. General Musa Khan was Commander in Chief from October, 19858 to September, 1966 and General Agha Muhammad Yahya Khan from September 1966 to December, 1971.
The minimum tenure as C-in-C was that of General Gul Hassan who was acting C-in-C between 20th December, 1971 and 21 January, 1971 and regular C-in-C upto 2nd March, 1972. He was removed by former President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto unceremoniously under the pretext of trying to dislodge the elected government.
General Tikka Khan headed the army from March, 1972 to March, 1976.
After him General Muhammad Ziaul Haq remained army chief from March, 1976 to 17th August, 1988 when his plane crashed near Bahawalpur.
General Mirza Aslam Beg was COAS from August, 1988 to August, 1991. General Asif Nawaz Janjua was appointed army chief in August, 1991 and he died on 12th January 1993.
General Abdul Waheed headed the army from January, 1993 to January 1996. General Jehangir Karamat was army chief from January, 1996 to October, 1998 and he resigned prematurely.
General Pervez Musharraf was made COAS from 7th October, 1998 and he relinquished the charge on 28th November, 2007, after heading the institution for nine years.
General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani took over in November, 2007 and after expiry of his tenure and three years extension, he is due to retire by the end of this year.