HYDERABAD: Hypertension is one of the leading psychiatric and completely depressive illness that causes serious threat to human life.
Hypertension is a silent killer that prevails among the people because of guilt of the past, anxiousness about the present and bleak vision about future, noted Psychiatrist of Sir C.J. Institute of Psychiatry Hyderabad Dr. Abdul Hmeed Memon, sharing his knowledge
with APP here on Friday.
He said that hypertension and depression, which are commonly named as “high blood pressure” are a medical condition where the blood pressure is chronically elevated. It is formally called arterial hypertension. The word “hypertension” without a qualifier usually
refers to arterial hypertension, he clarified.
He said that hypertension is a disease which is a source of heart attack or stroke with highest risk as compared to other diseases.
Persistent hypertension is one of the risk factors for strokes, heart attacks, heart failure and arterial aneurysm and also a leading source of chronic renal failure, he added.
About the classification of hypertension, he said that it is classified as either essential or secondary.
Essential hypertension is the term used when no specific medical cause can be found to explain a patient’s condition, he said and added that the secondary hypertension means that the high blood pressure is a result of other clinical problems such as kidney disease or certain tumours.
In order to avert hypertension, Dr. Abdul Hameed said that reduction in weight, daily brisk walk of at least two kilometres and avoidance of taking common salt is necessary for any person.
He said that blood pressure controls a variety of organs and body systems, including the heart, vessels, kidneys, brain and adrenal glands as well as the complex interaction between the body systems.
The measurement of blood pressure is taken by using two different numbers, which are called systolic pressure, the top number and diastolic pressure, the bottom number, he said and added that systolic pressure measures blood pressure as the heart contracts and pushes blood through the arteries, while diastolic pressure is taken when the heart relaxes.
He said that normal blood pressure of the patient should be around 120/80 or lower.
He said that blood pressure varies from person to person and can fluctuate from moment to moment. One or two high readings do not necessarily mean that the patient is in grip of hypertension or high blood pressure, he said.
Giving details about symptoms, Dr. Abdul Hameed Memon said that hypertension is known as silent killer, because it often has no symptoms at all. Sometimes, people with high blood pressure experience headaches, dizziness or a ringing sound in their ears, but the reasons of these symptoms could also be the cause of other disease. The best way to find out high blood pressure is to visit a doctor, homoeopath, naturopath or other health care provider, he added.
Dr. Abdul Hameed Memon said that although the causes are not always known, high blood pressure often runs in families, which indicates a strong genetic component.
He said that risk factors for high blood pressure include the use of smoking and alcohol, obesity, taking salt frequently, lack of exercise and stress as well as family history of hypertension and stroke.
He said that adopting preventive measures in controlling the high blood pressure is very important to knock out this silent killer disease. The patients must ensure the controlling of their blood pressure with healthy lifestyle and proper medical treatment, he added.
He said that like other synthetic drugs, anti-hypersensitive medication has a risk of causing side effects depending on the person
as well as the type of drug being taken. These could include, dizziness,
nausea, stomach problems, fatigue, impotence, insomnia and loss of
appetite, he added.
About the prevention or natural remedies for tension, depression and blood pressure control, Dr. Abdul Hameed Memon suggested that high energy levels and feelings of well being can reduce high blood pressure.
Besides, tone and protect the heart and cardiovascular system, improve circulation including chilblains and tingling in the hands and feet, pumping ability of the heart and reduction of irregular heart beat and blood stickiness can help in controlling the hypertension.