Muhammad Ali Jinnah born on 25th December 1876 was a lawyer, politician and the founder of Pakistan. He was born in Karachi in Wazir Mansion, Karachi of lower Sindh. He was the first of seven children of Jinnah bhai who became rich and successful Gujrati merchant. He belonged to an Indian cast Rajputs which later converted to Islam. He is generally known as fater of state of Pakistan i.e. BABA-E-QUAM; the great leader or father of a nation. It was the name which was given to him or honored to him by public.
Quaid-e-Azam wanted to give Muslims a secular state where they can live freely where they can worship with their choice of religion and belief. Islam was not an issue that time when Pakistan came into being. But Jinnah only wanted Muslims to live freely where they can express their feelings in their own view, where they don’t have to hide half of the facts, feelings or views from any other person.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah on several occasions stated:
23rd March 1948: Meeting with the ‘Scheduled Caste Federation’.
”We stand by our declarations that members of every community will be treated as citizens of Pakistan with equal rights and privileges and obligations and that Minorities will be safeguarded and protected”
When Jinnah demanded a separate state Gandhi offered him a good deal of staying with India. By doing this Jinnah would have earned respect of Hindus and minorities, blessings of Gandhi and high accolades of British plus it would have given him unimaginative world popularity. Any other leader seeking fame, fortune, glory and power would have been only too happy to accept Gandhi’s offer. However Quaid-e-Azam didn’t. It was because Jinnah thought for way too far for his people. He knew if he would have accepted Gandhi’s offer; the next generation would have faced tremendous problems and may be they would have been forced to live their rest of their lives as a slave; where there is no freedom for a person to live their life according to their belief.
21st October 1939: Speech at All India Muslin League Council.
“My first and only wish is that I can see my Muslim Brother’s independent and free. I wish when I die; I die with this satisfaction that when I would be questioned by my lord, I can answer him proudly that I never backstabbed my country and Islam. I did what you sent me for. I gave the people a sense of freedom and a free country. I fulfilled my duties.”
Jinnah always considered minorities a part of Pakistan. Addressing a rally in Lahore, he said:
“The tenets of Islam enjoin on every Musalmans to give protection to his neighbors and to the minorities regardless of caste and creed. Despite the treatment, which is being meted out to the Muslim minorities in India, we must make it a matter of our prestige and honor to safeguard the lives of the minority communities and to create a sense of security among them.”
“Any impartial observer will agree with me that throughout these troubles the minorities were looked after and protected in Pakisan better than anywhere else in India…the minorities not only here in Dacca but throughout Pakistan and more secure, more safe than anywhere else.”
Jinnah on October 11 1947 in his speech for youth said:
“We should have a state in which we could live and breathe as free men and which we could develop according to our own lights and culture and where principles of Islamic social justice could find free play. Once I am gone, I won’t come back it’s you who have to take the responsibility to make Pakistan a better state than it is today. Just acquiring Pakistan is not enough, now you have to work for it to make this country a better and a safe place to live. This is how a new leader will emerge.”
Jinnah suffered from tuberculoses, of which only his sister and some close friend were acknowledged. Gradually he became very week; doctors advised him to take rest. Mountbatten in his statement said that If I knew about illness of Quaid-e-Azam, I would have stalled, hoping Jinnah’s death would avert partition.
Addressing the officers at the Command and Staff College saying, “you, along with the other Forces of Pakistan, are the custodians of the life, property and honor of the people of Pakistan.”
By 9 September, Jinnah had also developed pneumonia. Doctors urged him to return to Karachi, where he could receive better care, and with his agreement, he was flown there on 11 September. Dr. Ilahi Bux, his personal physician, believed that Jinnah’s change of mind was caused by foreknowledge of death. The plane landed at Karachi, to be met by Jinnah’s limousine, and an ambulance into which Jinnah’s stretcher was placed. The ambulance broke down on the road into town, and the Governor-General and those with him waited for another to arrive; he could not be placed in the car as he could not sit up. They waited by the roadside in oppressive heat as trucks and buses passed by, unsuitable for transporting the dying man and with their occupants not knowing of Jinnah’s presence. After an hour, the replacement ambulance came, and transported Jinnah to Government House, arriving there over two hours after the landing. Jinnah died at 10:20 pm at his home in Karachi on 11 September 1948, just over a year after Pakistan’s creation..
Indian Prime Minister Nehru stated upon Jinnah’s death, “How shall we judge him? I have been very angry with him often during the past years. But now there is no bitterness in my thought of him, only a great sadness for all that has been … he succeeded in his quest and gained his objective.”
Jinnah was buried on 12 September 1948 amid official mourning in both India and Pakistan; a million people gathered for his funeral. Indian Governor-General Rajagopalachari cancelled an official reception that day, in honor of the late leader. Today, Jinnah rests in a large marble mausoleum, Mazar-e-Quaid, in Karachi.
This is how a great leader of Pakistan ended its journey and is still remembered. During the period of his illness he said:
“I know I am leaving but always remember as much as we will learn to sacrifice for others or for our nation; we will emerge as a complete and pure human and a nation. Be united so nobody can break you all.”
Being a Pakistani I salute Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah for giving us a free state Pakistan. Now its our turn to protect it, build it, prosper it and complete those duties and responsibilities which Jinnah left on us