ISLAMABAD: According to reports, the federal government has prepared an intricate new security policy for country in order to extirpate extremism and militancy with the help of military action and civilian stabilization efforts.
The security policy has been developed by the National Counter-Terrorism Authority (NACTA)-which will be discussed at a security meeting on July 12 in Islamabad where leaders of main political parties and military officials would take part.
According to sources, the security plan draft has been sent to Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, who heads the body’s board of governors, on Friday. A copy of the draft has also been sent to Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan.
The security plan is compartmentalized in 5 steps: to dismantle, to contain, to prevent, to educate and to reintegrate. It proposes that Pakistan follow China’s security model in Hong Kong and Mahathir Mohamad’s security policy in Malaysia to tackle terrorism and extremism.
In Malaysia, Dr Mahathir as prime minister, successfully tackled the ethnic conflict in throughout the country by pursuing economic revival in the country.
In the same way, China adopted a back burner policy for all its security-related issues, including Hong Kong. Where it sought a one-point agenda by building its economic strength and changed its policy regarding its neighbors for a better economy.
The draft is a 40-page document which focuses on a shift from a mono-faceted approach relying on the use of force alone to a multi-layered approach addressing all dimensions of the problem at nearly all levels. It calls for reappraisal of Pakistan’s foreign policy, especially vis-à-vis its neighbors.
According to the policy, the ‘weak role’ Ulema (religious scholars and clerics) is another ‘environmental cause’ of terrorism and extremism in the country. The Ulema, it says, instead of keeping abreast of the fast-changing times, were preaching a centuries-old paradigm.
An other recommendation of the policy is to strengthen the judicial system from the grass-roots level to ensure speedy justice. It also calls for reforms in the education sector. Curricula have to be revised and evaluated so as to screen out elements in it, if any, which promote extremist tendencies.
This security draft also advocates that the state should devise a mechanism to reintegrate those who either leave so-called jihadi organizations or who get disengage from such acts on any account. The state can utilize former militants through dialogue and also imprisoned terrorists or other suitable strategy to do so.
It also highlights the key reasons behind the arousal of terrorism and extremism in the country. These causes include 1.) Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in the 1980s and consequent developments of ‘jihadi networks’ through US assistance 2.) the spread of extremist ideology through literature, madrassas, media and other propaganda techniques, and 3.) international linkages facilitating the cause of terrorists and extremists in one way or the way.
According to Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan, the national security policy will be a two-pronged: ‘operational’ and ‘strategic’ policy.
“On the operational level, the government will focus on how law-enforcement agencies should go two steps ahead to deal with terrorists who are pushing Pakistan into a blind alley,” he said. At the strategic level, the government will consider massive use of force, negotiation and strategies to deal with extremism, he added.
NACTA’s National Coordinator Syed Hyder Ali also added that the authority has incorporated input from national and international security experts in the new policy. “It has been tailored out through a set of six simulation exercises carried out at the four provincial capitals,” he said.